Bond County Health Department is...
Certified Local Health Department
Licensed by State of Illinois
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West Nile Virus
West Nile Virus Prevention
The best way to prevent West Nile Virus is to reduce the number of mosquitoes. The Illinois Department of Public Health recommends eliminating stagnant water where mosquitoes breed when possible or applying larvacide, available at many hardware stores, to small pools of water that cannot be eliminated. The Illinois Department of Public Health offers the following suggestions to help reduce mosquitoes:
- Remove old tires, tin cans, buckets, drums, bottles or other places where mosquitoes might breed. Check clogged gutters and flat roofs that may have poor drainage. Make sure cisterns, cesspools, septic tanks, burn barrels, rain barrels and trash containers are covered tightly with a lid or with 16-mesh screen.
- Empty plastic wading pools at least once a week and store indoors when not in use. Unused swimming pools should be covered or drained during the mosquito season.
- Change the water in bird baths and plant pots or drip trays at least once each week.
- Store boats covered or upside down, or remove rainwater weekly.
- Change your pet's water daily.
- Fill in tree rot holes and hollow stumps that hold water.
- Stock ornamental gardens with mosquito eating fish (e.g., minnows, "mosquito fish," or goldfish).
- Keep weeds and tall grass cut short; adult mosquitoes rest in these shady places.
READ: Valuable Information from CDC and IDPH (3 flyers in one PDF file) - What You Need To Do To Prevent WNV; Protect Your Home Against Mosquitos; WNV is a risk you CAN do something about & 3 Steps You Can Take To Reduce Your Risk.
READ: Three Ways To Reduce Your West Nile Virus Risk (flyer from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
READ: The West Nile Virus is no Match for Common Sense (flyer from IL Dept of Public Health)
West Nile Virus Protection
People should follow these recommendations to protect themselves from mosquito bites:
- Avoid places and times when mosquitoes bite. Generally, the peak biting periods occur just before and after sunset and again just before dawn.
- Be sure door and window screens are tight fitting and in good repair.
- Wear light colored clothing. Long-sleeved tops and long pants made of tightly woven materials keep mosquitoes away from the skin.
- Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in an unscreened structure and to protect small babies any time.
- Check to see that your mosquito repellent contains DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide). Generally, repellents with about 25 percent to 35 percent DEET work best for adults. Use lower concentrations of 10 percent or less for children between the ages of 2 to 12. Do not use repellents on infants. Apply repellent as indicated on the product's label.
Bats and Bat Exclusion
If you find a bat, do not touch it or pick it up. Call your local animal control department to properly dispose of the animal. If you have questions, contact the health department at 664-1442 or Bond County animal control officer at 664-1644.
Environmental Health Programs at Bond County Health Department:
(618) 664-1442 - ext. 149
External Health Links